Nazis order all Gypsies arrested and sent to extermination camps.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner succeeds Heydrich as head of RSHA.
Jews working in Berlin armaments industry are sent to Auschwitz.
A group of German wives of Jewish men begin to gather and protest in Berlin in order to try and stop the deportation of their husbands to concentrations camps.
In New York, American Jews hold a mass rally at Madison Square Garden to pressure the U.S. government into helping the Jews of Europe.
Over 1,000 Germans wife's of Jewish men deported to concentrations camps are now protesting in Berlin. To prevent this kind of protest from spreading, Joseph Goebbels orders the release of the 1,500 Jewish men.
The Krakow Ghetto is liquidated.
Bulgaria states opposition to deportation of its Jews.
Newly built gas chamber/crematory IV opens at Auschwitz.
Newly built gas chamber/crematory II opens at Auschwitz.
Newly built gas chamber/crematory V opens at Auschwitz.
Exterminations at Chelmno cease. The camp will be reactivated in the spring of 1944 to liquidate ghettos. In all, Chelmno will total 300,000 deaths.
An armed uprising in the Jewish ghetto of Warsaw begins.
The Jewish uprising in Warsaw triggers a massive German response and initiates a month long massacre of the 60,000 Jews in the ghetto.
The Warsaw ghetto is finally cleared of Jews by the German police and security units.
Himmler orders liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in occupied Poland.
Goebbels declares Berlin to be Judenfrei (cleansed of Jews).
Newly built gas chamber/crematory III opens at Auschwitz. With its completion, the four new crematories at Auschwitz have a daily capacity of 4,756 bodies.
Two hundred Jews escape from Treblinka extermination camp during a revolt.
The Bialystok Ghetto is liquidated.
Beginning of Jewish family transports from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz.
On the eve of the Jewish New Year, the Gestapo and Danish Nazis begin rounding up all Danish Jews. However, a large number of Danish Jews had been saved when an anti-nazi businessman got wind of the German plan and passed the details to the Danish resistance who, with the help of Danish fisherman ferried many Jews to neutral Sweden.
Himmler talks openly about the Final Solution at Posen.
Massive escape from Sobibor as Jews and Soviet POWs break out, with 300 making it safely into nearby woods. Of those 300, fifty will survive. Exterminations then cease at Sobibor, after over 250,000 deaths. All traces of the death camp are then removed and trees are planted.
Jews in Rome rounded up, with over 1,000 sent to Auschwitz.
An allied agreement to set up UN commission on war crimes is announced in London.
Nazis carry out Operation Harvest Festival in occupied Poland, killing 42,000 Jews.
Quote from Nazi newspaper, Der Stürmer, published by Julius Streicher - "It is actually true that the Jews have, so to speak, disappeared from Europe and that the Jewish 'Reservoir of the East' from which the Jewish pestilence has for centuries beset the peoples of Europe has ceased to exist. But the Führer of the German people at the beginning of the war prophesied what has now come to pass."
Auschwitz Kommandant Höss is promoted to chief inspector of concentration camps. The new kommandant, Liebehenschel, then divides up the vast Auschwitz complex of over 30 sub-camps into three main sections.
Jews in northern Italy are to be sent to concentration camps.
The first transport of Jews from Vienna arrives at Auschwitz.
The chief surgeon at Auschwitz reports that 106 castration operations have been performed.
In the Wannsee suburb of Berlin, the formal adoption of the 'Final Solution to the Jewish Problem' takes place. In practice this meant that all Jews in occupied Europe were to be transported to the east. The able bodied were worked until they died, while the remainder were put to death.
Hitler, speaking at the Berlin Sports Palace, reaffirms his prewar prophecy concerning the Jews; once again telling an audience that "the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews."
SS Einsatzgruppe A reports a tally of 229,052 Jews killed.
The deportation of Jews from Lublin to Belzec begins.
The start of deportation of Slovak Jews to Auschwitz.
The start of deportation of French Jews to Auschwitz.
Fritz Sauckel named Chief of Manpower to expedite recruitment of slave labour.
First trainloads of Jews from Paris arrive at Auschwitz.
German Jews are banned from using public transportation.
Dutch Jews are forced to wear the yellow 'Star of David' badge.
The German open up a new death camp just outside Minsk, near the village of Maly Trostenets. Russian POW's and Jews have been forced to build the barracks for 600 slave labourers and their German and Ukrainian guards. Tens of thousands of Austrian, German, and Czech Jews are shipped there and driven towards the village in mobile gas chambers. When the vans reach the camp, all inside them are dead. At the camp, the slave labourers bury the bodies in deep pits. Maly Trostenets remains a tight German secret.
The New York Times reports on an inside page that Nazis have machine-gunned over 100,000 Jews in the Baltic states, 100,000 in Poland and twice as many in western Russia.
Jews in Belgium, Croatia, Slovakia, Romania ordered to wear yellow stars.
SS report 97,000 persons have been "processed" in mobile gas vans.
All Jews over six are forced to wear the 'Star of David' in Occupied France.
Eichmann meets with representatives from France, Belgium and Holland to coordinate deportation plans for Jews.
Dr. Heinisch, the German administrator in the Przemysl area, issues a public instruction. "Every Ukrainian or Pole who attempts by any means whatsoever to impede the campaign for the deportation of Jews, will be shot. Every Ukrainian or Pole found in a Jewish quarter looting Jewish homes will be shot. Every Ukrainian or Pole attempting to conceal a Jew will be shot." In the next month, 24,000 Jews from western Galicia, Heinisch's district, pass through Przemysl. All are taken to Belzec and killed.
At Auschwitz, a second gas chamber, Bunker II (the white farmhouse), is made operational at Birkenau due to the number of Jews arriving.
The New York Times reports via the London Daily Telegraph that over 1,000,000 Jews have already been killed by Nazis. Jews from Berlin sent to Theresienstadt.
Himmler grants permission for sterilization experiments at Auschwitz.
Beginning of deportation of Dutch Jews to Auschwitz.
12,887 Jews of Paris are rounded up and sent to Drancy Internment Camp located outside the city.
Himmler visits Auschwitz-Birkenau for two days, inspecting all ongoing construction and expansion, then observes the extermination process from start to finish as two trainloads of Jews arrive from Holland. Kommandant Höss is then promoted. Construction includes four large gas chamber/crematories.
Himmler orders Operation Reinhard, mass deportations of Jews in Poland to extermination camps.
Treblinka concentration camp is opened, which initiates new deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto. The deportation of Belgian Jews to Auschwitz begins.
Treblinka extermination camp opened in occupied Poland, east of Warsaw. The camp is fitted with two buildings containing 10 gas chambers, each holding 200 persons. Carbon monoxide gas is piped in from engines placed outside the chamber, but Zyklon-B will later be substituted. Bodies are burned in open pits.
The British section of the 'World Jewish Congress', claims that 1,000,000 Jews are already dead in occupied Europe.
7,000 Jews arrested in unoccupied France.
Open pit burning of bodies begins at Auschwitz in place of burial. The decision is made to dig up and burn those already buried, 107,000 corpses, to prevent fouling of ground water.
Reduction of food rations for Jews in Germany.
The inter-allied information committee estimates that the Germans have so far, executed 207,373 people in occupied Europe.
The SS begin to take profit from the possessions and valuables of Jews from Auschwitz and Majdanek. German banknotes are sent to the Reichs Bank. Foreign currency, gold, jewels and other valuables are sent to SS Headquarters of the Economic Administration. Watches, clocks and pens are distributed to troops at the front. Clothing is distributed to German families.
Himmler orders all Jews in concentration camps in Germany to be sent to Auschwitz and Majdanek.
SS put down a revolt at Sachsenhausen by a group of Jews about to be sent to Auschwitz.
850 Jews are arrested in Norway.
The first transport from Theresienstadt arrives at Auschwitz.
The Germans make the first large deportation of Jews from Norway.
The first transport of Jews from Germany arrives at Auschwitz.
The British Parliament vows to avenge Nazi crimes against Jews, as Eden announces that the Germans ‘are now carrying into effect Hitler’s often repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe’. U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged.
Sterilization experiments on women at Birkenau begin.