US Fifth Army is set up in Tunisia under Lieutenant General Mark Clark.
Gen. Leclerc drives the last Germans troops out of the Fezzan in Southern Libya with his Free French forces from Chad.
Roosevelt and Churchill's summit Conference opens near Casablanca in Morocco with the Allied joint staff under General Dwight D. Eisenhower in attendance.
The Eighth Army begins a new push in Libya.
The Eighth Army destroys Rommel’s rearguard at Buerat, in Libya and is now just 300 miles from the Tunisian frontier. Iraq enters the war against all three Axis powers.
The Germans counter attack in Tunisia. They gain ground against the Free French, but are repulsed by British forces.
The Eighth Army captures Homs and Tarhuna, near Tripoli.
The Eighth Army triumphantly enters Tripoli. The Vice-Governor of Libya and prefect of Tripolitania offer a formal surrender.
Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt end the Casablanca Conference with their announcement of the demand for the unconditional surrender of Germany and Italy.
The Eighth Army takes Zaula in Libya, less than 100 miles from Tunisian frontier.
Advance units of the Eighth Army cross the Tunisian frontier from Libya.
Eighth Army takes Zuara, near the Tunisian frontier.
Rommel and Von Arnim's forces launch a counter attack against the American 2nd Corps in central Tunisia, forcing them back in some disarray.
The 5th Panzerarmee under von Arnim, forces the retreat of the US 2nd Corps, inflicting very heavy losses in the battle of the Kasserine Pass.
The Eighth Army occupies Medenine in southern Tunisia. 5th Panzerarmee's advance beyond the Kasserine Pass is temporarily suspended.
Fierce fighting in continues in central Tunisia after the German breakout through the Kasserine Pass, but further offensive operations by the Afrikakorps are halted in order for them to withdraw to the Mareth line.
The RAF begins a round the clock bombing campaign in Tunisia, with 2,000 raids in the next 48 hours.
Von Arnim launches a five-day counter attack in northern Tunisia, gaining some ground. Montgomery issues the plan Operation 'Pugilist', which is to smash the Mareth defensive Line in southern Tunisia.
Von Arnim replaces Field Marshal Rommel as C-in-C of the Axis forces in Tunisia and Rommel is ordered by Hitler to leave Africa, never to return.
The British Eighth Army begins its offensive against German and Italian defenders of the Mareth line.
The Eighth Army continues its attacks against the Mareth line in southern Tunisia.
The Eighth Army wins the battle of the Mareth line, forcing the axis troops to retreat to the North.
The British First Army goes onto the offensive in northern Tunisia.
Elements of the Eighth Army break through at the Gabes Pass, over 100 miles into Tunisia and heads North.
British and American forces in Tunisia launch an attack against the 5th Panzerarmee.
Eighth Army joins up with the U.S. 2nd Corps in central Tunisia, while the British First Army makes progress in the North.
British forces take Sfax, 150 miles South of Tunis.
The British First Army takes Kalrouan, 100 miles South of Tunis.
The Eighth Army take Sousse, to the East of Kairan and claim that 20,000 axis prisoners have been taken in Tunisia since the 20th March.
The British First and Eighth Army's, the U.S. 2nd Corps and Free French forces begin the final offensive to destroy the axis bridgehead in Tunisia.
Axis losses in Africa for first 3½ months of 1943 are 66,000 killed, wounded and captured.
British forces repulse a last, desperate Panzer counter blow in Tunisia.
US troops take Mateur, less than 50 miles Northwest of Tunis.
British forces break through the defences of the 5th Panzerarmee to the South of Tunis.
Tunis falls to British First Army.
The unconditional surrender of all axis troops in Tunisia takes at 11am.
The British First Army reaches Hammamet.
Surrender of all German and Italian forces in Tunisia (130,000 German and 120,000 Italian prisoners). General von Arnim and 25 other axis generals are claimed captured, so ending the life of the once mighty 'Afrika Korps' and marking the end of the three-year North African campaign.
Marshal Messe, the Italian C in C of Tunisia, surrenders to Montgomery.
King George VI lands in Morocco, only his second sanctioned visit of the war to forces overseas.
Iran, under pressure from the allies who occupy the country, declares war on Germany.
The Cairo summit opens between Churchill, Roosevelt and Chiang Kai-shek.
The Teheran summit conference opens with Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin, who discuss the future of post-war Germany and Poland.
The Conclusion of the Tehran Conference, with the three Allies in substantial agreement on the division of post-war Germany, the westward movement of the Polish eastern and western frontiers and the summary execution of 50,000 German officers.
The second Cairo conference opens with Churchill, Roosevelt and the Turkish President Inonu.
The Cairo conference ends.
De Lattre de Tassigny meets de Gaulle in Algiers before taking command of ‘Army B’, for liberation of France.
The British military mission arrives in Turkey to discuss the supply of arms and troops as agreed at Cairo. However, the Turks make surprising new demands, which cannot be met.