Nazis evacuate 66,000 inmates from Auschwitz back into Germany.
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz. By this time, an estimated 2,000,000 persons, including 1,500,000 Jews, have been murdered there.
Ohrdruf camp is liberated by the Americans.
Buchenwald Concentration Camp is liberated by the Allies.
British troops liberate Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp and free approximately 40,000 prisoners. It is reported that "both inside and outside the huts was a carpet of dead bodies, human excreta, rags and filth."
The U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau Concentration Camp.
Theresienstadt taken over by the Red Cross.
Mauthausen is liberated.
The lists of the first war criminals to be tried at Nuremberg are drawn up by a 'Four Power' Commission of Prosecutors in London. Goring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Dr Ley, Rosenberg, Dr Frank, Streicher, Keitel, Dr Funk, von Shirach, Dr Schacht, Sauckel, Prof Speer, Bormann, von Papen, Jodl, Krupp, Raeder, Donitz, Baron von Neurath, Seyss-Inquart and Frische are all named.
The first open session of the International Military War Crimes Tribunal indicts 21 top Nazis.
The Nuremberg trials begin, with Goring, Ribbentrop, Hess, Keitel, JodI, Raeder, Doenitz, Streicher and other top Nazis on trial.
All the top ranking Nazis at Nuremberg plead innocent.
Films of concentration camp atrocities are shown at the Nuremberg trials.
Rudolph Hess causes consternation at the Nuremberg trials by announcing that he has been shamming insanity and amnesia all this time.
SS personnel convicted of atrocities at Belsen and other concentration camps, are hanged.
In response to political pressure to help Jews under Nazi control, Roosevelt creates the War Refugee Board.
Diary entry by Hans Frank, Gauleiter of Poland, concerning the fate of 2.5 million Jews originally under his jurisdiction - "At the present time we still have in the General Government perhaps 100,000 Jews."
Hungary's 750,000 Jews, which have so far remained unmolested by the Germans are about to endure a nightmare of mass deportation to the concentration camps as Eichmann arrives in Hungary with his "Special Section Commandos".
A Jewish inmate, Siegfried Lederer, escapes from Auschwitz-Birkenau and makes it safely to Czechoslovakia. He then warns the Elders of the Council at Theresienstadt about Auschwitz.
Two Jewish inmates escape from Auschwitz-Birkenau and make it safely to Czechoslovakia. One of them, Rudolf Vrba, submits a report to the Papal Nuncio in Slovakia which is forwarded to the Vatican.
First transports of Jews from Athens to Auschwitz, totalling 5,200 persons.
Rudolf Höss returns to Auschwitz, ordered by Himmler to oversee the extermination of Hungarian Jews.
Beginning of deportation of Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz.
The first Jews from Hungary arrive at Auschwitz. Eichmann arrives to personally oversee and speed up the extermination process.
It is estimated that 100,000 have been gassed at Auschwitz. Between May 16 and May 31, the SS report collecting 88 pounds of gold and white metal from the teeth of those gassed. By the end of June, 381,661 persons, which is half of the Jews in Hungary have arrived at Auschwitz.
Rosenberg orders operation 'Hay Action', the kidnapping of 40,000 Polish children aged ten to fourteen for slave labour in Germany.
The Russians liberate Maidanek Concentration Camp near Lublin, where 360,000 people perished.
Anne Frank and family arrested by Gestapo in Amsterdam, then sent to Auschwitz. Anne and her sister Margot are later sent to Bergen-Belsen where Anne dies of typhus on March 15, 1945.
The last Jewish ghetto in Poland, Lodz, is liquidated with 60,000 Jews sent to Auschwitz.
A revolt by Jewish slave laborers at Auschwitz-Birkenau results in complete destruction of Crematory IV.
Deportation of Jews from Hungary resumes after a temporarily halt due to international political pressure to stop Jewish persecutions.
Eichmann returns to Hungary.
The last train transport of Jews to Auschwitz are gassed. These are 2,000 Jews from Theresienstad.
The gas chambers at Auschwitz are used for the last time.
25,000 Jews are forced to walk over 100 miles in rain and snow from Budapest to the Austrian border, followed by a second forced march of 50,000 persons, ending at Mauthausen Concentration camp.
Himmler orders the destruction of the crematories at Auschwitz.