Monday, November 2, 2009


Home Guard volunteers learn essential phrases to use should they catch a German invader.

British Commander - - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available German Commander - - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
Field Marshal William Ironside
Field Marshal
Deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess
Deputy Fuhrer
German Fieseler 103 - V1
World War 2 Equipment - German Fieseler 103 - V1
Known Vergeltungswaffe Eins (Reprisal Weapon 1), or more simply as the V1, the Fi 103 flying bomb could be launched from a 50m (152ft) inclined ramp or air-dropped from a carrier aircraft (usually an He 111). The weapons were launched against Britain (between 13th June 1944 and 29th March 1945). Although more than 30,000 were manufactured by Henschel, Mittelwerke and Volkswagen factories, only about 2,000 hit London. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
01/01/1940Conscription extended to 20 - 27 in Britain.
05/01/1940Hore-Belisha resigns as Secretary of State for War and is replaced by Oliver Stanley.
08/01/1940Rationing of butter, sugar and bacon begins in Britain.
15/01/1940Nearly twice as many Britons have been killed on the roads since blackout started than by enemy action.
31/01/1940Sir John Simon announces food subsidies are running at £1,000,000 per week. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
Two IRA bombs explode in London, injuring 12 people. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
03/04/1940War Cabinet reshuffle, Churchill to chair committee directing general war policy.
05/04/1940British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, tells the British people that Hitler has ‘missed the bus’, meaning that a German invasion of the west is now unlikely to succeed.
15/04/1940British unemployment falls to 973,000, lowest figure since 1920.
23/04/1940Budget Day raises taxes on beer by 1d, whisky up 1/9d (9p) and postage up 1d. Estimates of the 1940 war expenditure as £2,000 million criticised by MPs for being too low.
24/04/1940Commons approves trade agreement with Spain, first since Spanish Civil War.
25/04/1940New evacuation scheme introduced in Britain as a Ministry of Health survey shows that only 8% of eligible children have been registered; 19% of parents refused to do so; 73% did not bother to reply. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
01/05/1940Amalgamated Engineering Union agrees to allow women workers in munitions factories.
05/05/1940Norwegian government-in-exile established in London.
08/05/1940Opposition censure motion against Chamberlain’s conduct of the war; rejected by 281 to 200, but over 30 government MPs vote for it.
09/05/1940Age for conscription in Britain is raised to 36.
10/05/1940Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigns and is replaced by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, who forms a coalition government from all three main parties.
11/05/1940King signs proclamation canceling the Whitsun holiday.
13/05/1940The Labour Party Conference in Bournemouth gives support to Churchill’s government by 2,413,000 votes to 170,000. Churchill makes ‘blood, sweat, tears and toil’ speech. Queen Wilhelmina and the Dutch royal family arrive in London.
14/05/1940The British Secretary of State for War, Anthony Eden calls for volunteers to form the Local Defence Volunteers force (LDV).
15/05/1940An official announcement by the British government says that the weekly butter ration will be reduced from 8oz to 4oz per head.
21/05/1940Its announced that over 250,000 men enrolled into the LDV in just the first 24 hours.
23/05/1940Sir Oswald Mosley and other British fascists arrested. 76 IRA men arrested in Northern Ireland.
25/05/1940Trade Union executives accept Nye Bevan’s manpower mobilisation plan, setting up Labour Supply Board and Production Council.
26/05/1940General Sir John Dill is appointed Chief of the Imperial General Staff, Sir Edmund Ironside becomes C-in-C, Home Defence. Empire Day in Britain is declared as a national day of prayer. Coastal towns from Great Yarmouth to Folkestone are declared evacuation areas.
27/05/1940The British sugar ration is reduced from 12oz to 8oz per head. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
01/06/1940All signposts which might be helpful to parachutists landing in Britain taken down. Unemployment in Britain falls 92,000 in May to 881,000, giving a total fall of 611,000 in a year.
03/06/1940All aliens and stateless persons living in Britain are forbidden to leave home between 10:30pm and 6am. Churchill orders the setting up of commando forces to be used for raiding occupied Europe.
04/06/1940Churchill tells Commons 'We shall fight on the beaches, in the fields, in the streets and in the hills. We shall never surrender.' Holiday camps are banned within 10 miles of east and south-east coasts of England and Isle of Wight.
05/06/1940Home Defence commander Ironside announces the creation of the ‘lronsides’, small groups of highly mobile, armed men for defence against parachutists.
06/06/1940Production of hundreds of household goods banned in Britain. All Germans and Austrians living in UK ordered to surrender their wireless sets.
11/06/1940Householders in possession of Anderson shelters must by law have them up and earthed by today.
12/06/1940General Sir Edmond Ironside, C-in-C of British Home Forces, completes plans for the defense of Britain against German invasion.
17/06/1940Churchill broadcasts to the nation, saying the British will defend their island home and fight on until the curse of Hitler is removed. Unemployment in Britain falls 114,000 in May to new low of 767,000.
18/06/1940Churchill speaks to Commons, declaring ‘let us so bear ourselves that . . . men will still say, "This was their finest hour". General de Gaulle forms the French National Committee in London and vows to continue the war on the side of Britain, saying that ‘France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war.’
19/06/1940The British Jockey Club announces no more racing until further notice. ‘If invaders come’ leaflet is issued by Ministry of Information to all British households.
20/06/1940Both Houses of Parliament meet in secret session to discuss Home Defence.
22/06/1940Second London County Council evacuation scheme completed, with 100,000 children moved to the West Country and Wales.
26/06/1940De Gaulle forms French Volunteer Legion in Britain.
28/06/1940British government recognises de Gaulle as leader of ‘Free French’. Channel Islands demilitarised and partially evacuated.
30/06/1940Germans troops land on Guernsey in the Channel Islands. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
01/07/1940German troops occupy Jersey and complete the capture of the Channel Islands, the only British territory ever captured by Germany during World War 2. British milk price maximum is raised to 4d a pint.
02/07/1940August Bank holiday cancelled in Britain.
04/07/1940In the House of Commons, prime minister Churchill declares,' I leave the judgment of our actions with confidence to Parliament. I leave it to the nation and I leave it to the United States. I leave it to the world and to history.'
08/07/1940British Metropolitan Police to be armed when guarding vulnerable positions.
09/07/1940Commons passed War Credits of £1,000,000,000. Tea rationing of 2oz per head per week introduced in Britain.
10/07/1940Birthday Honours list includes only service recipients. British Union Party (Fascists) banned.
14/07/1940To celebrate Bastille Day, de Gaulle and Free French lay wreaths at Cenotaph in London. Churchill broadcasts that Hitler must recast his invasion plans. British commandos launch a raid against Guernsey in the Channel Islands, with negligible results.
15/07/1940Unemployment in Britain up 60,431 in June to 827,266, but still down half a million on June 1939. Home Office bans fireworks, kite and balloon flying.
19/07/1940General Sir Alan Brooke takes over from Ironside as C-in-C, Home Forces. Ironside becomes a Field Marshal.
21/07/1940Czech government-in-exile established in London under Dr. Benes.
22/07/1940Lord Halifax rejects Hitler’s ‘peace proposals’. The Special Operations Executive (SOE) is created in order to encourage resistance across occupied Europe.
23/07/1940Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Kingsley Wood announces the third War Budget, with income lax up 1d to 8s 6d in the £, beer up 1d a pint, purchase tax introduced for first time at 33% on luxuries, war expenditure for the next year estimated at £3,470,000,000. Secretary of War announces that Local Defence Volunteers to be called the Home Guard, more than 1,300,000 now enrolled. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
01/08/1940British Order in Council declares the start of the grouse shooting season to be August 5th instead of the 12th.
02/08/1940Lord Beaverbrook appointed to War Cabinet.
03/08/1940Churchill warns nation against believing rumours that invasion threat is over.
08/08/1940British forces pay increased by 6d per day; privates’ pay up to 17s 6d a week.
12/08/1940Wasting food becomes illegal in Britain.
14/08/1940Ministry of Home Security announces that parachutes had been hound in Derbyshire, Yorkshire and Scotland, but no evidence of Germans discovered.
19/08/1940Whole of Britain declared a defence area.
21/08/1940Commons allows nationalist forces of Poland, Norway, Belgium, Holland, France and Czechoslovakia to train in Britain under their own flags. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
07/09/1940The codeword "Cromwell" is passed nation-wide, and church bells ring out in warning that a German invasion may be underway.
08/09/1940National ‘day of prayer’ proclaimed in Britain.
09/09/1940German guns shell Dover.
19/09/1940Minister of Labour Ernest Bevin announces that until the end of August 51,261 men had registered as conscientious objectors.
24/09/1940Plans to evacuate mothers as well as children from Blitz areas announced; 444,000 children already evacuated from London area. Petrol goes up to 2s & 2d per gallon. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
03/10/1940Chamberlain resigns as Lord President of the Council through ill health, and cabinet is reshuffled with Sir Kingsley Wood, the Chancellor, and Ernie Bevin, Minister of Labour joining War Cabinet.
08/10/1940Churchill makes statement to Commons and claims that the Germans have the capability to ‘throw 500,000 men onto salt water or into it’.
09/10/1940Churchill is unanimously elected leader of the Conservative Party.
24/10/1940British Summer Time to be continued throughout winter.
26/10/1940Ministry of Food subsidises fish and chip shops to encourage potato consumption.
28/10/1940Ministry of Health announces evacuation of 489,000 more children from London area. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
06/11/1940Under-Secretary for War announces measures to give Home guard more permanent shape and better equipment without changing its ‘local and friendly character’.
24/11/1940Treasury cancels Boxing Day Bank Holiday. - The Most Complete World War 2 Timeline Available
05/12/1940McGovern’s ILP peace amendment is rejected by House of Commons, 341 votes to 4.
17/12/1940Home Office announces third German spy hanged at Pentonville Prison. Winchester housewife sentenced to death for spying. Rations increased temporarily in Britain for Christmas week.
23/12/1940Anthony Eden becomes Foreign Secretary.

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